The Images, and the People and Families Represented.

This website has images of progenitors, descendants, and members of the McKay family of Spokane, Washington, and the Ruud family of Waterville, Washington. The families settled in Spokane and Waterville prior to 1900. Emphasis is on those born earlier than World War I. The nominal cutoff date for the images is 1945 -- a limit one expects will be violated in the case of recent photographs of general interest.

The book "American Fever", a memoir of the life of Ole Ruud, by Esther Ruud Stradling, is an excellent source of stories about the Ruud family and those connected with them.


The images are stored in the following directories,


In these comments the directories sometimes are called 'image directories'. The name of an image directory identifies the person or persons who sent a particular set of digital images or the photographs from which digital images were made.

Families intertwine. The directories contain images for families other than McKay or Ruud, including:

Bond, Jagy, Lamperti, Moore, Fowler, Pangborn, Brown, Ballard, Butts, Pratt, Schumaker, Lawton, Worcester, Black, Morgan, Southard.

Anderson, Berg, Borgstrand, Carlson, Cavitt, Ekstrom, Gray, Hawkins, Jensen, Johnson, Larson, Malloy, Mitchell, Moody, Nelson, Planchon, Stradling.


Image Databases.

A list of the images in each directory, with descriptions, is given in database format in the files


The last two letters of the above filenames specify an image directory: ./barbara-jagy-040715, ./claudia-lamperti-040715, ./esther-stradling-040811, etc.

The fields of a database record are:

F:     filepath to image (extension suppressed).
Y:    date of photo, if known.
I:      identification - for use as label in photo gallery of thumbnails.
D:    short description.
C:    long description;
        comments written on photograph or otherwise supplied;
        an attempt was made to transcribe comments verbatim.
             photo: photographer; logo/ad sometimes quoted fully.
             quote: written by person who took photo, or sent it, ...
             note: comments by john or ila rupley, on:
                  digitizing image;
                  whether photo is a copy;
[...] is editorial insertion, query, etc.
[... - ers] is a quote from the book "American Fever", by Esther Ruud Stradling.
a single blank line separates records.

The comments given in field C: of the databases ./0-Info-es and ./0-Info-fei were written mostly by Eloise McKay Ruud on the photographs; these comments sometimes are long and give family or personal history.

Persons in group pictures are identified in field C: by row, left to right, back row first.

The filename of an image, e.g., 007-0600m-12, has the information:

007        the ordinal of the entry in the database.
0600m   identifier of the gang-scan image, 0600m.jpg.
12          identifier of the location of the photo in the gang-scan image
              (row-column formalism).

If the image was not derived from a gang scan, the filename consists at least of the ordinal of the entry, and might contain additional information.

The following files are short forms of the databases, with one line per record, consisting of the image directory, the filename, and the identification field (I:):



Digitizing Photographs.

When possible, photographs were digitized in groups (gang scans). This was to reduce the cost of high-quality professional scanning. Subsequently, individual images were separated from the gang scans. Details of the scans and subsequent manipulation of the images are given in the files;


The size and resolution of an image is intended to be sufficient at least for generating a 4x6-in. representation at 300 ppi (about 2 megapixels image size, corresponding to 2 megabytes file size for an uncompressed 8-bit grayscale image). Many images are of higher resolution or larger dimension or both, and thus of correspondingly larger file size.


Photo Galleries.

Each image directory has a photo gallery of thumbnails. These are accessed from the website Home page. There are twenty thumbnails to a gallery page. The thumbnails are 150-pixel maximum dimension. The top gallery page,


is linked to additional gallery pages as needed. To navigate between gallery pages, use the right arrow or left arrow above the thumbnails. To return to the top McKay-Ruud page, click on Home at the top right of the page.

Clicking on a thumbnail image, or on the filename below the thumbnail, displays a page with an image of 600-pixel maximum dimension. This page also has the following information: a link to a full-size image in high-quality (8) jpeg format; the size of the full-size jpeg file, given in kilobytes (k) or megabytes (m); and a listing of database information for the image (fields Y:, D:, and C: -- the other two fields, F: and I:, were used to construct the caption of the image).

Clicking on a 600-pixel image displays the next 600-pixel image in the sequence of the thumbnails. The three navigation arrows just above the image do the following: right arrow, display next image in sequence; left arrow, display previous image; up arrow, go up to corresponding thumbnail gallery page. Clicking on link to full-size jpeg image file displays precisely that. To return to the top McKay-Ruud page, click on Home at the bottom right of the page.

If searching a photo gallery for an image is tedious, a shortcut is to find the filename corresponding to an image by searching one of the databases (either full or short form, reached from this page or the website Home page), then to display the image by browsing one of tbe directories with 600-pixel or full-size jpeg images (reached from the website Home page).

The web photo gallery for an image directory was created with Adobe Photoshop CS, with the customized web templates in ./Web-templates/Jar-simple and the high-quality jpeg images in ./[image-directory]/splits-jpg. The resulting files, stored in ./[image-directory]/photogallery-tmp/, were modified by use of the Unix shell script ./ and the databases ./0-Info-*, to give the photo gallery files, under ./[image-directory]/photogallery.


Image Size, and Viewing or Downloading an Image.

When deciding to view an image or to download it, one might want to consider the image size. For the 140 images in the ./esther-stradling-040811 directories, the average sizes are:

22 kbytes      150-pixel thumbnails in jpeg format
                      (on gallery page; stored in

46 kbytes      600-pixel images in medium-quality (5) jpeg format
                      (click on thumbnail on gallery page; stored in

1.4 mbytes     full-size images in high-quality (8) jpeg format
                      (click on link on 600-pixel image page; stored in

17.8 mbytes   full-size images as scanned, in photoshop psd format
                      (available on request; stored in

Time for downloading:

over a 500 kbps (kilobits/second) DSL line, about 20 seconds/mbyte;

over a 56 kbps dial-up line, about 3 minutes/mbyte (your computer will lock for 5 minutes on average if you click on a link to a high-quality jpeg image).


Printing an Image.

The rock-bottom minimum resolution for printing a digital image is 150 pixels/in., i.e., a 4 in. print can be obtained from an image of 600-pixel edge dimension. One would prefer higher resolution, 300 pixels/in. or more.


Working with an Image.

Those who intend to work with an image (remove imperfections, repair damage, enlarge a portion of the image, adjust tonal qualities, etc.) might want to work with a full-size image obtained from a scan. These images are large and thus costly to store on a website or to download. They are available on request.


Last revised: 7:43 PM on Thu, Mar 16, 2006
Email: J. A. Rupley